The Bhitarkanika Mangroves, a mangrove wetland in Orissa, is spread over a land of 650 sq km in the river delta of the River Brahmani and River Baitarani. Amazing Bhitarkanika Mangroves Tour Orissa held by tour operators every year creates an opportunity for you to have an easy and cozy wildlife experience. Bhitarkanika National Park, a national park lying in the Kendrapara District of Orissa, is sprawling over an area of 672 sq km. Enclosed by the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, the national park has Gahirmatha Beach on its east, separating the mangroves from the Bay of Bengal.
The national park gives abode to endangered Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), white crocodile, Indian python, King Cobra, black ibis, darters and several other varieties of flora and fauna. Founded in September 1998, the national park was made from the key area of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary established in 1975. The second largest mangrove ecosystem in the country, the sanctuary is visited by a number of tourists, every year.
Being Zamindari forests until 1952, the Bhitarkanika Mangroves were made after the abolition of the Zamindari system, as since then the Zamindari forests came in the control of the state forest department. In 2002, the Bhitarkanika Mangroves got a Ramsar Wetland designation of International significance.